Acting Secretary of the Navy Thomas Modly has reportedly resigned a day after a transcript and audio emerged of a speech he gave onboard the Nimitz class aircraft carrier USS Theodore Roosevelt this past weekend. Modly had already prompted a political firestorm by firing the commanding officer of the ship, Brett Crozier, ostensibly over a breach of protocol in relation to a letter that officer had sent pleading to get the bulk of his crew off the carrier to help stem a major outbreak of the COVID-19 novel coronavirus onboard.
Various outlets have reported that Modly had submitted his resignation on Apr. 7, 2020, which Secretary of Defense Mark Esper is now said to have accepted. Yesterday, President Donald Trump had also said he would get involved in the debacle, which began when Crozier's letter first leaked to the press on Mar. 31. There has been no official statement yet from either the Navy or the Department of Defense regarding the resignation. Modly technically remains Deputy Secretary of the Navy, having assumed his acting position following the convoluted departure of his predecessor, Richard Spencer, under equally controversial circumstances. CNN has reported that Undersecretary of the Army, James McPherson, will take over as Acting Secretary of the Navy. The Trump Administration has already nominated Kenneth Braithwaite, previously U.S. Ambassador to Norway, to become the next Secretary of the Navy.
"Let me be clear, I do not think Captain Brett Crozier is naive nor stupid," Modly said late on Apr. 6, in a public apology that reportedly came at the direction of Esper. "I also want to apologize directly to Captain Crozier, his family, and the entire crew of the Theodore Roosevelt for any pain my remarks may have caused."
In his speech onboard Theodore Roosevelt, Modly had suggested that Crozier was either too "naive" or "stupid" to command an aircraft carrier and, if he wasn't, that he might be guilty of actual criminal misconduct. The Acting Secretary of the Navy also lambasted the media and chastised the crew for their very public display of support for their former captain, who reportedly has now contracted COVID-19 himself, as he left the ship after being relieved.
Modly was reportedly on the carrier for just 30 minutes, 15 minutes of which he spent giving his speech. He did not tour the vessel and took no questions from the crew, despite personnel having pre-screened some queries for him to respond to. Yesterday, the Acting Secretary of the Navy had also initially said he unequivocally stood by those remarks.
The Navy's top civilian also made a post defending his decision to fire Captain Crozier on the official Navy website in direct response to a critical op-ed that Tweed Roosevelt, the great-grandson of President Theodore Roosevelt, the Theodore Roosevelt's namesake, had published in The New York Times on Apr. 3. The Navy has since pulled that piece from its website, but archived copies remain widely available online, including at The War Zone.
As of Apr. 7, 173 members of Theodore Roosevelt's crew have tested positive for COVID-19. Thankfully none of them have yet had to be hospitalized. The Navy says it has now tested 61 percent of the crew and moved approximately 2,000 sailors into lodging ashore. Crozier had called for just 10 percent of the carrier's total crew complement of more than 4,000 personnel to remain on board to help prevent the virus from spreading among them.
At the time of writing, the Navy has also not responded to queries from The War Zone about whether the Acting Secretary of the Navy is in any form of quarantine following his visit to the carrier or if he has been tested for COVID-19 following his return to Washington, D.C. The Pentagon has already instituted a number of social distancing and other mitigating measures to help keep the virus from spreading within the Pentagon itself, especially to Secretary of Defense Esper or Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff U.S. Army General Mark Milley.
There has already been a growing chorus of calls, including from prominent members of Congress and retired senior military officers, calling for Modly to resign. Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, a California Democrat, has called for him to step down, as has Representative Adam Smith, a Democrat from Washington State and the Chairman of the House Armed Services Committee. Secretary of Defense Esper has also faced increasing criticism amid the growing debacle. The entire situation appears to have compromised the impartiality of investigations the Navy had been running into Crozier's actual conduct and the "command climate" of Navy units assigned to the Pacific Fleet.
Above all else, this bizarre episode has only underscored what appears to be a growing lack of trust between the rank-and-file and the Navy's leadership.
We will continue to update this story as more information becomes available.
UPDATE: 4:50pm EST:
Secretary of Defense Mark Esper has now released a statement confirming that he accepted Acting Secretary of the Navy Modly's resignation and the Undersecretary of the Army Jim McPherson, who actually a former Navy officer, will take up the role of Acting Secretary of the Navy. Esper says he also instructed the Navy's senior leadership to put the "health, safety, and welfare of USS Theodore Roosevelt's crew first" and "getting the Roosevelt back to sea" second.
USNI News has also obtained a copy of Modly's resignation letter.
UPDATE: 6:00pm EST:
In one of his last acts as Acting Secretary of the Navy, Modly has addressed the situation in his last Vector, which had been a series of memorandums he had issued once a week to the entire service. In it, he takes responsibility for what he describes as a loss of "situational awareness" in his remarks on board the Theodore Roosevelt.
The full text of SECNAV Vector 19 is as follows:
"Before I start I want you all to know that I never, ever thought Vector 19 would be my final vector to you. I actually thought it was going to be around Vector 9! That being said, I am incredibly honored to have ever had the chance to have written even Vector 1."
"This past week has been what I have been talking to you about all along—what we can best predict about the future is that it will be unpredictable. No doubt you have all monitored the events this week which placed our Navy in the spotlight in a negative way—largely due to my poor use of words yesterday on the USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT (TR). You are justified in being angry with me about that. There is no excuse, but perhaps a glimpse of understanding, and hopefully empathy."
"I have been monitoring the crew of the TR and all of ships with coronavirus (COVID-19) cases closely. I have personally spoken with the Commanding Officer (CO) of every ship and installation in which we have such cases. When I walked on the quarterdeck of the TR I lost situational awareness and decided to speak with them as if I was their commander, or their shipmate, rather than their Secretary. They deserved better, and I hope that over the passage of time that they will understand the words themselves rather than the manner in which they were delivered. But what’s done is done. I can’t take it back, and frankly I don’t know if I walked back up that quarterdeck today if I wouldn’t have the same level of emotions that drove my delivery yesterday."
"The crew deserved a lot more empathy and a lot less lecturing—I lost sight of that at the time and I am deeply sorry for some of the words and for how they were spread across the media landscape like a wildfire. I had hoped to transmit a message of love, and duty, and mission, and courage in the face of adversity. Those words are in there, but they are now lost, because of me, and I will regret that for the rest of my life. But, I am not a football head coach, or a master chief, or even the ship’s own CO, I am the Secretary of the Navy and you, and they, should expect more out of me. I own it.
"I realize that I have consistently told each and every one of you “Don’t Ever, Ever Give Up the Ship.” That is why it is very important for me to communicate to you why I have submitted my resignation today. We all have to understand what our ship is. I love the Navy and Marine Corps. I love our country, and I love you. You are all on my one big ship. But the ramifications of mistakes, even simple ones, when someone is charged with protecting a ship that large and that important can be fatal. It is not just missiles that can take us down, words can do it too, if we aren’t careful with how and when we use them."
"My lack of situational awareness due to my emotions of the moment did the exact same thing to MY ship, as I would hold you accountable for as you lead yours. I brought incoming fire onto our team and I am convinced that the fire will continue unrelentingly until the target is gone. I know what I have to do save the ship. I have always tried to do the right thing for all of you. Always. I never cared about the title, I cared about the relationships. I trust you all know that and that you know how terribly sad I am right now that I disappointed you by not keeping our ship out of harm’s way. It’s my fault. I own it."
"Now on to the vector:"
"In the classic hard rock satire “rock-umentary” movie called “This is Spinal Tap,” there is a scene in which the lead guitarist, Nigel Tufnil, played by Christopher Guest, is explaining how their band is able to take their sound to the next level. He shows the interviewer, played by Rob Reiner, the Spinal Tap amplifiers and explains that instead of going to volume level 10 like all other traditional hard rock amplifiers, Spinal Tap’s amplifiers have an extra level of volume—volume level 11. The interviewer says, “well instead of having 11 why don’t you make each individual level just a little louder than the traditional amplifier—so you know make the 1 a little louder, the 2 a little louder, the 3 a little louder, etc., up to 10?” Nigel looks at him with the apparent inability to grasp the concept of doing something different than the way he has always done it. He pauses, dumbfounded, and simply says, “But, these go to 11.” https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KOO5S4vxi0o"
"Does this sound like a familiar story to you? How many times in your Navy or Marine Corps career have you thought about, or even suggested, a different, better way of doing things and the response has been, “Well, that’s not how we do it?” I guarantee that this has happened to you more than once. If not, you must not be in the Department of the Navy and you should not be on the distribution list for this email!"
"Don’t worry, this happens everywhere. People and organizations are resistant to change. Change is uncomfortable. The important point is that phrases like “this is how we do it in the Navy” or “this is how we do it in the Marine Corps” can be dual-edged swords. There is great value in stability, in tradition, in order, in a consistent way of doing things that we must respect and appreciate. But when it stifles the characteristics of agility that I have spoken to you about before (velocity, visibility, adaptability, innovation, collaboration, trust, humility, and skepticism), those same “this is how we do it” phrases can erode a team’s ability to win in a dynamic and rapidly changing environment - like the one that we are in."
"I want to focus on one of these characteristics specifically this week: visibility. Visibility is all about communications up, and perhaps more importantly, down the chain of command. Visibility is also about knowing when and how to appropriately consult and communicate laterally across the organization. For our Navy and Marine Corps team, it must never be about sharing operationally sensitive information for the world to see about your ship, your unit, your acquisition program, your team, your concerns about readiness, your personal views about your command, etc.
"In my previous line of work with a big consulting firm, we prided ourselves for being a learning organization. We had training and learning requirements that put us through a variety of different legal, moral, operational, customer, ethical, and leadership challenges. As each challenge was presented, and possible answers discussed, invariably the first thing that was cited that we should do was to “consult.” This did not mean go out and sell a consulting project to a client, rather it meant “consult” with others across the organization, up and down, to seek the best solution to specific problems. It was amazing to me how empowering this was. How much I could learn if I put myself out there to seek it without fear of retribution or resentment."
"In 2010, with that same firm, I was leading a project team in Baghdad assisting U.S. forces with the economic development mission in the country. Out of the blue, in the spring of 2010, my DoD client asked us to split the team and send half to Afghanistan to help the Ministry of Mines develop an official tendering process for its minerals industry. This is a process nation’s use to sell national mineral rights to mining companies. No one on that team had any experience in mining, but the request was urgent. We “consulted.” I reached out broadly to my partners in the US firm, who connected me to our US mining practice leader, who then connected us to our global mining practice leader in London, who then connected us to the most experienced team in the world, with respect to tendering in lesser developed countries. Within days we had the most experienced team in the world engaged in Afghanistan. “Consulting” works. It empowers teams. It is a force multiplier.
"In the military culture we must sustain the sanctity of the chain of command. But in the information age in which we all live, that sanctity is only useful to our mission if we use that chain for frequent communications up and down, even if this means skipping steps down if you are the highest responsible person at the top of that chain. The world is moving too fast to do otherwise."
"The events of the last several weeks with respect to my decision to relieve the CO of the USS THEODORE ROOSEVELT indicate to me that we have some work to do in this regard, so you must pick up the mantle and fix this. No person should ever be afraid of bringing up issues of concern to their immediate superiors through an established and well understood path that respects both the chain of command and our own individual duty to fulfill our oaths. And, no commander should ever resent or discourage anyone senior in their chain of command from reaching down to gain better situational awareness from the people closest to the problem. That being said, there is a proper, courteous, and respectful way to do this that we must adhere to, especially during times of crisis."
"I know we can do this, it just takes a willingness to recognize it is important. And the next time someone says to you “that’s not the way we do it”, think to yourself, “these go to 11”, smile politely, and then apply yourself even harder to seek a better way."
"I love you all. Know that every second of every minute of every hour of every day of my time leading you has been an honor and a privilege, and I grateful for your friendship, mentorship, and willingness to listen and act on my behalf."
"You know what to do. Take the helm. It’s your ship now. Don’t ever, ever, ever give it up. And forever, Beat Army!"
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